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Diwan-I-Aam

Diwan-i-Aam is also called as the Hall of Audience. It is located inside Red Fort and during the time of Mughals, it was built under the reign of Emperor Shahjahan. It has an inner main court where Nakkar Khana was also situated surrounded by various arcade galleries, here the chieftains also known as umaras were kept on for the duty. This Nakkar Khana was 540 feet broad and 420 feet deep which was a very unique structure.

 

The Diwan -I-Am has a front hall which is open on the three sides and backed by few rooms which is of red sandstone. The wideness of the hall is 100ftx60ft and is divided into various 27 square bays which have a system of columns which support the arches. The roof is made of sand stone beams. The way the columns and the arches are proportioned has a very unique works. The ceiling and the columns are painted in gold colour. The look of the ceiling and columns are so beautiful with engraved arches which show a very high line of rare culture and good high quality craftsmanship.

 

In the centre of eastern wall, there is a marble canopy which is called as Jharokha covered by a "Bengal" roof. Also, below the throne marble dais is placed decorated with semi-precious stones.  These stones were used by the prime minister who was also called as Wazir. The emperor had separate courtier which was all gold-plated. But on the other three sides, it had a silver railing. Any ceremony held for the audience was known as Jharokha Darshan.

 

The wall which is behind the canopy is beautifully decorated with many multi coloured pietra dura stones. This was been decorated by a Florentine jeweller who was known as Austin de Bordeaux, which represented with creative and beautiful flowers and birds. Then during the time of Aurangzeb, the hall was again beautifully decorated and this depict was given by Bernier. Also, later in 17th century, a beautiful and splendid depict was given by the merchant Jean – Baptiste Tavernier.

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