Architectural Design

The marble structure and the rich interiors of the fort make it a perfect representation of Mughal architecture. The shape of the fort looks like an octagon and the axis on the northern and southern region is longer than the one in the eastern and western direction. Set up on a sprawling 254.67 acres, this fort has a lot of decorations in the floral pattern and double domes all over. The defence walls run up to 2.4km. There are lots of bastions and turrets on the walls. On the side of the river, the fort stands up to 18m tall and on the city side, the fort is up to 33m tall. This fort is a perfect blend of Iranian, Indian and European art work. It is believed that the reputed Kohinoor diamond is a part of the furniture here. This fort was included in the “national importance monument” category during 1913. The use of ornaments in this fort belongs to the typical style of monuments built during the rule of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and this fort speaks volumes about the country’s rich history.


The general public used the Delhi Gate and Lahore gate of this fort, whereas the Khizrabad gate was used by the royalty. The Chatta Chowk was found in the path that leads from the Lahore Gate at the main entrance. This was a bazaar that housed many shops and it was believed that silk, jewelry and other items used by the royal members were brought from this Chowk. The open area to which this bazaar leads is the point at which the military functions and the palaces separated to the west and east of the fort respectively. Towards the south of this area, one can find the Delhi Gate.

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